he Gum Arabic, which is also known as gum acacia, is the hardened sap or the watery fluid of different species of acacia trees. The gum is produced from the trees by a process called gummosis. This is done by cutting or in the event of damaging of the trees in questions.
The plants emit sap; the sap exudes out and dries in the air into clumps called “tears”.
The substance is grown commercially throughout the countries from Senegal to Sudan.
Nowadays, the Gum Arabic is harvested and dried in the famous African’s gum belt, which includes Chad, Eritrea, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sudan. Two of these countries, Sudan and Chad, export a lot of Gum Arabic.
Historically, as a result of excellent soil conditions for Acacia Senegal trees, Sudan dominates an important position in the modern Gum Arabic trade. Sudanese also has long experience in collecting and sorting the gum.
Gum Arabic Benefits:
- Multifunctional: Good emulsifier, film-former, texturizer and low-viscosity water binder and bulking agent.High source of fiber: contains no less than 85% soluble dietary fiber (dry basis)
- High percentage purity: No additives; free from sediment and impurities; has extremely low bacterial counts
- Fast hydration and ease of dispersion: available in prehydrated or agglomerated form.
- “Natural” labeling: Gum Arabic is not chemically modified and qualifies for “natural” labeling or “no artificial additives” claims.
Gum Arabic Application
During the ancient periods, the Gum Arabic was used for a variety of functions as mummification and inks for hieroglyphics. It is used in sweeteners and as a food, beverage and drink additive, a liquid or drink thickener, in cake and pastry preparation, and in food flavorings. It can be used not only in foods, but also in pharmaceuticals such as pharmaceutical capsules, to coat pills, and it is used to manufacture vitamins, lotions, mascara, cake makeup, and so on.
Gum Arabic is also a valuable addition to sweets, including chocolates, jujubes, and cookies. It is an important ingredient in shoe polish. It is also used often as a likable adhesive on postage stamps and cigarette papers. Printers employ it to stop oxidation of aluminum printing plates in the interval between processing of the plate and it is used on a printing press.
- Dietary Fiber
- Industrial Applications